The effect of a Mediterranean diet on metabolic parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials

  • Seyedeh Parisa Moosavian
    Affiliations
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Arman Arab
    Affiliations
    Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Zamzam Paknahad
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 81745, Isfahan, Iran. Fax: +98 313 6681379.
    Affiliations
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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Published:November 02, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.10.008

      Highlights

      • Mediterranean diet alleviate NAFLD.
      • Mediterranean diet may improve anthropometric measures.
      • Mediterranean diet may improve lipid profile.
      • Mediterranean diet may improve glycemic index.
      • Mediterranean diet may improve liver enzyme.

      Summary

      Background

      Dietary habit can play a key role in the prevention and treatment of fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Although many studies have investigated the effect of Mediterranean diet on NAFLD, findings are inconsistent and there is no systematic review on this topic. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to summarize the effect of Mediterranean diet on serum metabolic indices and anthropometric measures among NAFLD patients.

      Methods

      We searched titles, abstracts, and keywords of articles indexed in Science Direct, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases up to October 2018 to identify eligible RCT studies. Randomized clinical trials assessing the effects of MD on NAFLD were included.

      Results

      The present study included 10 randomized controlled trials, which involved a total of 856 adults with NAFLD. According to the result, MD may improve anthropometric measures, lipid profile, glycemic indices, liver enzyme, and NAFLD severity indices among patients with NAFLD.

      Conclusion

      We found that MD could alleviate NAFLD severity parameters but differences between studies should be taken into account. Finally, in order to draw a firm link between MD and NAFLD, more clinical trials with adequate sample size and better methodology should be done.

      Keywords

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